Sabtu, 14 April 2018

Edu Passion 2018


                                       EDU PASSION 2018


A few months ago my school held an event and it's called EDU PASSION 2018. Edu Passion is one of an annual event in my school. This is an event to promote universities. It helps us to know more about informations of many universities.I've interviewed some of universities and took some brochure there. If you want to know more about this event you can check it out this video!


Rabu, 04 April 2018

Inspiring Person (Bill Gates)


                                          Bill Gates


William Henry Gates was born on 28 October 1955, in Seattle, Washington. As the principal founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates is one of the most influential and richest people on the planet. Recent estimates of his wealth put it at US$84.2 billion (Jan. 2017); this is the equivalent of the combined GDP of several African economies. In recent years he has retired from working full time at Microsoft, and has instead concentrated on working with his charitable foundation “The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.”
His father William Gates Sr was a senior lawyer, and his mother, Mary, served as an executive for a major bank. The family were wealthy but, remembering the challenges of the Great Depression, they encouraged their children to work hard and take nothing for granted.
Aged 13, Gates attended the private Lakeside school. It was here that Gates had his first introduction to computers. He taught himself to programme in Basic, making a simple ‘Tic-Tac-Toe’ game. Gates enjoyed the process of working with computers and arranged with a company Computer Center Corporation (CCC) to spend time on their computers – learning source code, such as Fortran, Machine Code and Lisp.
In 1973, Gates enrolled at Harvard, where he studied mathematics and computer science. However, Gates was more interested in pursuing his own coding, and when he saw an opportunity to found his own company, he dropped out of Harvard without finishing his course.
Bill Gates founded Microsoft in 1976 when he formed a contract with MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems) to develop a basic operating system for their new microcomputers. In the early days, Bill Gates would review every line of code. He was also involved in several aspects of Microsoft’s business such as packing and sending off orders.
The big break for Microsoft came in 1980 when IBM approached them for a new BASIC operating system for its new computers. In the early 1980s, IBM was by far the leading PC manufacturer. However, increasingly, there developed many IBM PC clones; (PCs produced by other companies compatible with IBM’s). Microsoft worked hard to sell its operating system to these other companies. Thus Microsoft was able to gain the dominant position of software manufacture just as the personal computer market started to boom. Since its early dominance, other companies have struggled to displace Microsoft as the dominant provider of computer operating software. Programs like Microsoft Word and Excel have become the industry standard.
In 1994, Bill and Melinda Gates established the William H. Gates Foundation, which was dedicated to supporting education, world health and investment in low-income communities. Gates continues to devote much of his time and energy to the work of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The organization tackles international and domestic issues, such as health and education and helping students in the United States become college-ready. 

Kamis, 08 Maret 2018

Announcement

ANNOUNCEMENT TEXT
                  
ACTIVITY 1

TEXT 1
Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
“Hello Georgetown” or the title of the announcement
Contents
Found
The information and also the introduction  about the new store,Ludlow Suit Shop that they have been upgraded from the old store, J.Crew Store.. It tells about what kind of shop that do they sell and when will they open.
Closing
Found
Information about the current location of the old store and the website of the store. And they are hiring someone and someone that who are interest can email the store.


















        TEXT 2
Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
The title of the announcement or the idea of what they are going to say about.         
 CALL FOR PROPOSALS”
(Fund by the European Commission)
Contents
Found
The announcement, it tells about WHO that requests a proposal for the       researchers and institutions that will be   evaluated through a review process. This proposal is based on ongoing outbreaks of H5N1 Avian Influenza in Indonesia. Because since August 2003, more than 10 million livestock have been affected.
Closing
Found
For more detailed information such as  assessment process, assessment criteria and deadline of proposal submission we can check them at WHO Indonesia Country Office Website.


























TEXT 3
Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
They are announce that they already expanded their store from the old store.
Contents
Found
Information about the new address for the new store, NeoSys Computer Store. As the old store become NeoSys Service Center with the same address also the phone number.
Closing
Found
For more update or information, we can contact them in 089922376549837 or can check out the website.






















TEXT 4
Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Not Found
-
Contents
Found
Information about starting 1st
January 2018, They are going to open branches in several big cities including Medan, Denpasar, Lombok, and Makassar. It is  to allow their administrative business to be conducted in regional location.
Closing
Found
They hope what they are going to do will be able to meet closely with customers and stores may have more effective manner.









NO




ACTIVITY 2


TEXT







TRUE/FALSE
1
TEXT A
 True.
2
TEXT B
 True.
3
TEXT C
 False.
4
TEXT D
 True.
5
TEXT E
 True.

Rabu, 21 Februari 2018

The Food Of Hell From Indonesia

The Food Of Hell From Indonesia


Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular Sambal.Sambal is a hot sauce or paste typically made from a mixture of a variety of chili peppers.
Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed taste extremely spicy.
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, cherry,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. This sauce can be raw or cooked.The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood or plastic. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.Sambal can be added to soups, noodles, stews, rice, and even eggs. If you see the word “sambal” in the name of a dish, it is an indication that sambal was used as a main ingredient. There are about 300 different varieties of Indonesian Sambal with intensity ranging from mild to very hot. Here are some of the popular variations,there are sambal terasi,sambal bawang,sambal kecap,sambal hijau,sambal pecel,sambal dabu-dabu,etc.


Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal.
The incorrect information : 
  • Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, cherry,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt.There is sambal with cherry but not in Indonesia.
  • The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood or plastic. It should be "from wood or stone". 
  • "Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it." it should be "Infamous among tourists for its spiciness,many tourists find it" because most of tourists curious with the taste of sambal.
  • Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal. Actually it shoul be "Locals eat in almost daily basis as their complement meal" because locals eat sambal not as their main meal,the main meal can be fried chicken,etc.

Rabu, 24 Januari 2018

Rafflesia Arnoldii

Rafflesia arnoldii 


CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom 
Plantae
Division
Angiosperms
Class 
Eudicots
Order
Malpighiales
Family 
Rafflesiaceae
Genus 
Rafflesia
Species
Rafflesia arnoldii

Rafflesia Arnoldii is one of the three national flowers in Indonesia, the other two being the white jasmine and moon orchid. It was officially recognized as a national "rare flower".
Rafflesia Arnoldii or in Indonesia it’s been called as Padma Raksasa, is a flowes member of the genus Rafflesia. Its a parasitic plant that grows on plant tissues (liana). Rafflesia Arnoldii is one of plant that produces no leaves, stems or roots and does not have chlorophyll. The plant has a reddish brown colors of the petals, which are sprinkled with white freckles. and the largest flower bud ever recorded was found at Mount Sago, Sumatra in May 1956.  It was 43cm (17 in) in diameter

WHERE WE CAN FIND IT?
The naming of this giant flower is connected with the history of the first discovery in 1818 in the tropical forest of Bengkulu (Sumatra), somewhere near the river Manna, Lubuk Tapi, South Bengkulu. By this phenomenon, Bengkulu then became famous as The Land of Rafflesia.
This plant is an endemic plant in Sumatra, particularly in the southern part like Bengkulu, Jambi and South Sumatra. Kerinci Seblat National Park is an area of major conservation of this species. This species, together with the other members of the genus Rafflesia, threatened its status due to massive deforestation.





PART OF BODY


LIFE CYCLE







·         Reproduction – The Rafflesias life cycle begins when the parasitic growths on the plants vine root form small buds that resemble cabbage
.• Bud Growth – Rafflesia lacks leaves, stems and chlorophyll, and is incapable of photosynthesis. Instead, the buds grow by living off of the plants vine, draining nutrients and water from it.
• Flowers – In about nine months, the bud bursts, revealing an enormous, five-petaled flower. The reddish-brown flowers give off a pungent odor similar to rotting flesh, which attracts insects for pollination. Rafflesia plants are unisexual and most often produce either male or female flowers at a single site. To succeed at pollinating the plant, insects must visit bothmale and female flowers, which are usually not in close proximity to one another.
• Fruit – The fruit has smooth flesh that contains numerous tiny seeds. Once fruit and flower have both reached maturity, which takes five to seven days, this marks the end of the plants life cycle
.• Seeds – The smell of the fruits dead flesh attracts indigenous animals. The animals distribute the seeds, continuing the plants life cycle.

MYTHS
The people of Rejang tribe who inhabit hills from Central Bengkulu, Kepahiang, Rejang Lebong, and Lebong, nicknamed the Bengkulu iconic flowers as Bokor Satan’s flowers. Others call it the Ibeun Sekedei or the Ghost Grail.
This is because Rafflesia Arnoldii is believes to be Bokor betel of the forest, either in the form of mystical creatures and wild animals, such as tigers. Therefore, the people of the Rejang tribe had always been avoiding Raflesia flowers if they’re in the middle of the forest.
CONSERVATION STATUS
As the remaining primary forests of Borneo and Sumatra disappear, it can be assumed that the number of Rafflesia Arnoldii are diminishing. In fact, many are known to be nearing extinction and just completely nothing left.
Just like many rare plant in the world, Rafflesia Arnoldii is at risk of disintegration as the result of atmosphere damage as well as careless travelers walk around the sensitive vines and plants. There are many steps and plans taken to be able help Rafflesia Arnoldii recovering and far from extinction but so far, it’s happen to result nothing much.
The other facts of Rafflesia
  • The fruits of Rafflesia Arnoldii flowers are round and have a diameter of about 12 cm to 15 cm. This fruit contains many seeds favored by squirrels and rats.
  • Rafflesia Arnoldii has no root and no stem.
  • Rafflesia Arnoldii and Bunga Bangkai is two different flower. Many thought that both of it is the same when actually they’re very much different.
  • When Rafflesia Arnoldii bloom, the size of it can reach 1 meter while weighing 11 kilograms.
  • Rafflesia Arnoldii has five flower crowns.
  • Rafflesia Arnoldii can only be found in Indonesia. In the island of Sumatra, to be exact.
  • This flower is only last one week after it bloom before wither and die.
  • Before growing and fully blooms, this flower will be hidden inside the host’s body for months.
  • The flower of Rafflesia Arnoldii doesn’t has leaves, so it can not do photosynthesis like many plants in general.
  • The naming of the Rafflesia Arnoldii flower is based on the combined name of Thomas Stamford Raffles as the expedition leader and Dr. Joseph Arnold as the discoverer of the flower.
  • The Rafflesia flower habitat is a primary and secondary tropical forest, such as, Sumatra, Malaysia, Java, southern Thailand, Borneo, and southern Philippines.
  • Rafflesia Arnoldii is not an insectivorous plant like many people thought. It wasn’t the same with Kantong Semar plant.
QUESTION

1. They are include the three national "rare flowers" ,except ... 
a. Moon orchid
b. Rose gold
c.Rafflesia arnoldii 
d. White jasmine 

2. How Rafflesia arnoldii smells? 
a. similar to rose flowers
b. similar to jasmine flowers
c. similar to rotting flesh
d. have no smell

3. Who is the expedition leader of Rafflesia arnoldii?
a.Thomas Stamford Raffles 
b.Dr. Joseph Arnold
c. Thomas Alfa Edison 
d. Dr.Prof.Joseph Richard

4. Where's the largest flower bud ever recorded?
a.Mount Sago 
b.Mount Krakatau 
c.Mount Everest 
d.Mount Jayawijaya

5. There are the other name of Rafflesia arnoldii,except.. 
a. Corpse flower
b.Padma Raksasa
c.Bokor Satan's flowers
d. Bunga Bangkai